Weaving is a very old craft and tradition in Poland. Along with basket-making, this craft dates back to early medieval settlements in Opole and Gdansk, where striped and check fabrics, similar to those used today, originated.
The basic materials first used were flax and wool spun by the weavers themselves. After World War I, cotton fabric became popular. Today, woolen, linen, and mixed cotton/woolen materials are used. New weaving techniques now permit the production of multi-colored striped/checked material for bed linen and clothing and geometric, foliated and figured designs for decorative use.
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